Corporate entrepreneurship in public sector: A systematic literature review

and research agenda

In an era marked by rapid technological advancements, shifting demographics, and an ever-evolving global landscape, the public sector finds itself at the crossroads of transformation. Traditional bureaucratic models that once governed government organizations are increasingly proving inadequate in addressing the complexities of contemporary challenges. The call for greater efficiency, responsiveness, and citizen satisfaction is driving a compelling need for the public sector to evolve. This evolution is not merely a matter of administrative adaptation but a fundamental shift towards embracing innovative approaches that can navigate the intricacies of the modern socio-economic and political environment.

As the public sector adapts to this dynamic landscape, the importance of creativity and problem-solving skills becomes paramount. Complex challenges, ranging from climate change and public health crises to economic disparities, demand solutions that go beyond conventional thinking. Creative problem-solving, often associated with entrepreneurial thinking, emerges as a catalyst for overcoming these hurdles. The ability to think outside the traditional bureaucratic framework and approach issues with fresh perspectives is becoming a cornerstone for effective governance. This article explores the transformative journey of the public sector, shedding light on how cultivating creativity and problem-solving skills is not just a luxury but an essential component in navigating the intricate web of modern challenges faced by government organizations.

Section 1: Traditional Public Sector Models and the Call for Evolution

The traditional public sector has long been characterized by hierarchical and bureaucratic models that were initially designed to ensure stability, consistency, and adherence to established procedures. These models, while effective in their time, are facing increasing scrutiny due to their inherent limitations and challenges. Bureaucratic structures often result in slow decision-making processes, rigid workflows, and a resistance to change. These characteristics can hinder the ability of government organizations to adapt swiftly to emerging challenges and capitalize on opportunities in the fast-paced and interconnected world we live in today.

The urgent need for evolution in the public sector is propelled by a confluence of external factors that have reshaped the global landscape. Societal, technological, and economic shifts have collectively underscored the limitations of traditional approaches. Societal expectations have evolved, demanding greater transparency, responsiveness, and citizen engagement. Meanwhile, rapid technological advancements have introduced new possibilities for efficiency and connectivity, challenging the bureaucratic inertia that can impede progress. Economic forces, marked by globalization and dynamic market conditions, necessitate a reevaluation of traditional models to ensure government organizations remain agile and capable of fostering sustainable growth. The call for evolution in the public sector is not merely a response to internal inefficiencies but a strategic response to external forces demanding a more adaptive, innovative, and citizen-centric approach.

Section 2: Creativity and Problem-Solving in Action

Public sector organizations that have successfully embraced entrepreneurial thinking showcase remarkable initiatives in tackling complex issues. One illustrative example comes from a city government grappling with traffic congestion and pollution. Rather than relying solely on traditional traffic management methods, the city implemented a multifaceted solution that involved leveraging smart technology, community engagement, and data analytics. By employing sensors to monitor traffic flow, collaborating with citizens through a mobile app for real-time updates, and analyzing data to identify congestion patterns, the city was able to develop targeted interventions. This creative approach not only alleviated traffic issues but also demonstrated the transformative power of combining diverse strategies to address multifaceted challenges. Such success stories highlight the impact of entrepreneurial thinking in finding novel and effective solutions to complex urban problems.

Furthermore, the public sector’s ability to harness technology has become a linchpin in enhancing creativity and problem-solving capacities. Government agencies are increasingly integrating digital tools and advanced technologies to streamline processes, improve service delivery, and enhance citizen engagement. For instance, the adoption of artificial intelligence in public health agencies has facilitated data analysis to predict disease outbreaks and optimize resource allocation. This application of technology not only exemplifies the power of innovation in public health but also underscores the adaptability and efficiency gains achievable through the strategic use of technological advancements. As public sector organizations continue to embrace and integrate technology, they open new frontiers for creative problem-solving that can address contemporary challenges in unprecedented ways.

Section 3: The Entrepubl Project – Cultivating Entrepreneurial Skills in the Public Sector

Amidst the evolving landscape of the public sector, initiatives such as the Entrepubl Project are poised to play a transformative role in shaping the future of government organizations. The Entrepubl Project is designed to bridge the gap between traditional public sector approaches and the demands of a rapidly changing world by providing public servants with essential entrepreneurial skills and fostering a mindset that embraces innovation.

At the heart of the Entrepubl Project is the recognition that public servants, much like their private sector counterparts, can benefit immensely from entrepreneurial thinking. By offering training programs and resources tailored to the unique challenges within government structures, Entrepubl seeks to empower public servants to think creatively, act innovatively, and navigate the complexities of their roles with agility. This initiative goes beyond theoretical concepts, aiming to instill practical skills that can be applied to real-world scenarios encountered in public administration.

Entrepubl’s focus on providing tangible skills, such as creative problem-solving, risk management, and collaboration, aligns seamlessly with the themes explored in this article. As public sector organizations grapple with the imperative to evolve, the Entrepubl Project emerges as a beacon, illuminating a pathway for cultivating the entrepreneurial spirit within the government. By equipping public servants with the tools and mindset necessary for entrepreneurial success, Entrepubl becomes a catalyst for innovation, efficiency, and citizen-centric governance. As we look toward the future, initiatives like Entrepubl stand as crucial components in the collective effort to reshape the public sector and usher in an era of adaptive and entrepreneurial governance.

Conclusion: Navigating the Future with Entrepreneurial Vigor

In the dynamic evolution of the public sector, the infusion of entrepreneurial thinking has emerged as a transformative force, breaking through the constraints of traditional bureaucratic models. As we navigate the complexities of the modern socio-economic and political landscape, the significance of creativity and problem-solving skills becomes increasingly evident. Visionary leadership and the cultivation of an entrepreneurial organizational culture are vital in reshaping government institutions for a more adaptive and responsive future. Success stories from public sector organizations, exemplifying the application of entrepreneurial thinking in tackling complex issues and harnessing technology, underscore the tangible benefits of embracing innovation.

However, this transformative journey is not without its challenges. Overcoming resistance to change within the public sector remains a critical hurdle that demands careful attention. Bureaucratic inertia and reluctance to depart from established norms can impede progress. As we move forward, it is imperative for government leaders, policymakers, and public servants to actively address and dismantle these barriers. Initiatives aimed at fostering a culture of continuous learning, open communication, and collaboration are essential to overcoming resistance to change. Embracing a shared vision for a more agile and citizen-centric public sector will require collective effort, commitment, and a willingness to explore uncharted territories. In doing so, we can build a government that not only adapts to the challenges of today but actively shapes a brighter, more innovative future for all citizens.


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Edited by Galati Municipality